In Ifugao, calls for calm amid ‘war’ dance

BAYOMBONG, Nueva Vizcaya—Local and tribal leaders on Sunday appealed for calm amid calls for vengeance from family, friends and sympathizers for the deaths of three Ifugao Special Action Force (SAF) commandos at the hands of Moro rebels in Maguindanao province.

Ifugao Rep. Teodoro Baguilat Jr. dismissed speculation that the relatives and friends of the slain troopers were out to exact revenge, following the staging of a “him-ong”, a tribal ritual said to be equivalent to a war dance.

“We appeal to our people not to put extra meaning to rituals like [the him-ong] because this is not the way to honor our departed heroes,” he said in a telephone interview.


Baguilat said he was trying to quell misconception, especially on social media, that the Ifugao had pledged to avenge the deaths of PO3 Robert Allaga, PO3 Franklin Danao and PO2 Joel Dulnuan.

They were among the 44 SAF troopers slain in clashes with the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) and the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters (BIFF) on Jan. 25.

Dancing ‘warriors’

On Feb. 3, tribal leaders and family members in the upland village of Poitan in Banaue town staged a him-ong during burial rites for Allaga, regarded as a hero for giving up his life for another SAF commando, PO3 Christopher Lalam of Kiangan town, his distant cousin.

Photos of the ritual went viral online with media reports and online comments claiming the Ifugao people were out to seek revenge.

The website of Nurturing Indigenous Knowledge Experts (Nike), a cultural preservation program in Ifugao, defines the him-ong as a dance performed during burial rites of an Ifugao who has been killed.

In this ritual, community members dressed in native attire perform a dance that simulates actions in battle between spear-wielding warriors, Nike said.

As they approach the burial site, performers dance to the beat of a “bangibang,” a wooden percussion instrument, and to chants, usually by women, that narrate the story of the battle and beseech the gods to bring misery to those responsible for the death of a tribal member.

The ritual is traditionally staged by Ifugao people not necessarily to vow revenge but mainly to appease the gods and ask that such a tragic death be the last in the community, Baguilat said.

He said the people’s expressions of outrage should be taken only as “part of the healing process” and these should not foment further animosity among Filipinos.

“We know of many stories of how Cordillerans and other tribes have been living peacefully with Muslims,” he said.

Supt. John Luglug, Nueva Vizcaya police director and a cousin of Allaga, said that while their clan was deeply hurt by Allaga’s violent death, exacting revenge had no place in modern times.

“I don’t think there is a need for revenge. As God has said, ‘Revenge is mine,’” he said, quoting a biblical passage.

Family members of Dulnuan also dismissed sentiments of vengeance but hoped the government would show its resolve to make the perpetrators answer for their crimes.

“We will just let the wheels of justice take its course. We will closely follow what the government will do about this,” said Carmen Dulnuan, the slain SAF commando’s mother.


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